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Uk Agreement Hong Kong

But the UK says the deal – known as the joint statement – is under threat because the territory has passed a new law that gives China comprehensive new controls over the people of Hong Kong. Hong Kong`s autonomy was guaranteed by the “One Country, Two Systems” agreement, enshrined in the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration signed by Zhao Ziyang, then Chinese Prime Minister, and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Some political analysts thought there was an urgent need to reach an agreement because there were fears that Hong Kong`s economy would collapse without a treaty in the 1980s. Concerns about land ownership in the new leased territories have also contributed to the problem. Although discussions about Hong Kong`s future began in the late 1970s, the final date of the joint declaration was influenced more by factors of ownership and economy than by geopolitical necessities. [9] The agreement signed in 1984 was to last until 2047. The Sino-British joint statement itself does not have a mechanism approved by both sides to ensure compliance. Although the Agreement is registered with the United Nations, it did not contain any monitoring mechanism by the United Nations. Therefore, only the signatories of the declaration have the right to assert possible violations of the conditions. During the 2014 Umbrella Revolution, a campaign against mainland China`s perceived violations against the HKSAR, Chinese officials concluded for the first time that China considered the joint statement to be “untested,” according to a British lawmaker. [51] This conclusion was deemed “clearly erroneous” by a senior Hong Kong lawyer and rejected by the British Foreign Secretary, who said the document was a legally binding agreement to be respected.

[26] [52] Rita Fan, then Hong Kong`s sole representative on the Standing Committee of the National People`s Congress in Beijing, argued that Britain`s prudential responsibility had been abandoned and that the joint declaration also did not provide for universal suffrage. [53] On December 22, 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese leaders signed a formal pact authorizing the colony`s turnover in 1997 in exchange for the formulation of a “One Country, Two Systems” policy by the Chinese Communist government. Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher called the agreement “a milestone in the life of the territory, in Anglo-Chinese relations and in the history of international diplomacy.” Hu Yaobang, the general secretary of the Communist Party of China, called the signing a “day of red letters, an opportunity of great joy” for the billion Chinese. The communist press published stories that the project was a bad plan to drain itself of its blood in Hong Kong before the handover and leave the territory in heavy debts. [135] After three years of negotiations, Britain and the PRC finally reached an agreement on the construction of the new airport and signed a memorandum of understanding. [136] By eliminating the hills and recovering the land, the construction of the new airport took only a few years. The Sino-British joint statement consists of eight paragraphs, three annexes on the basic policy regarding Hong Kong, the Sino-British Joint Liaison Group and country leases, as well as the two memoranda of the two sides. Each party has the same status and “The whole constitutes a formal international agreement that is legally binding in all its parts. Such an international agreement is the highest form of engagement between two sovereign states. [10] In these statements, the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region reports directly to the central government of the people of the PRC and enjoys a high degree of autonomy, with the exception of foreign affairs and defense. He is authorized to exercise independent executive, legislative and judicial power, including the final decision….